Starowiejska Street and its surroundings
Starowiejska, one of the most important streets in Gdynia, running from the station to Kaszubski Square, was at the beginning of the 20th century. down a dusty country road, meandering towards the sea among low huts and lopsided fences. The built in 1900 r. Abraham's house (under no. 30), a little receding from the sidewalk, small, muffled by street traffic and other buildings. In years 20. Antoni Abraham lived here – a fighter for the Polishness of Kashubia. The cottage, which is owned by the Gdynia City Museum (admission 2 PLN), presents a permanent exhibition of equipment, Kashubian furniture and souvenirs. Attention is drawn to a woman's outfit displayed on a mannequin with a long embroidered apron and an original wooden bed covered with checkered linen.. At the exit of ul. Starowiejska on pl. Kashubian, under no. 2 standing, also dating from the beginning of the century, a small convent of the Sisters of Mercy of St.. Vincent, today belonging to the City Hospital.
Parallel to Starowiejska, ul. Jana z Kolna is an important point of the public transport network, because most buses from MPK Gdynia leave from local stops. Between ul. Jana z Kolna a ul. The head of the village of Radtke rises a great market hall. In recent years, it has been renovated and enriched with a "small hall” – pavilions hidden under one roof – is a favorite shopping place for the residents of Śródmieście. In Hall, or rather in the hall, as the Gdynia people say, you can buy almost anything: from eggs and fruit to gold and computers. Walking down Jana z Kolna Street towards the east, gets to Żeromskiego and św. Wojciech, with preserved fishermen's houses – inhabited to this day.
Port of Gdynia
Gdynia port – commercial, war, fishing and yacht marina – is an artificial port, because it was built on the seashore, unlike natural harbors, which are built in the channels of rivers flowing into the sea. It is one of the largest and most modern ports on the Baltic Sea. Is here 8 port basins, separated from each other by moles made of building material excavated from the bottom of the bay during their construction. There are long stretches along the port 2,5 km falochrony, that weaken the force of wave pressure.
The port can be viewed from the deck of a coastal vessel. The tours are attractive, although the objects viewed are not historic castles, but modern colossi of steel and concrete. The size of the cranes, ships and ships makes a really big impression.
Construction of the port
In November 1920 r. The Council of Ministers of the then Polish government approved the first loan for the construction of the port. Preparations have begun, sacrificing the area, so that bad fate and German sabotages would not harm the building. The first railway track was led from the station all the way to the sea, to facilitate the transport of wood, stones and earth. From all over Poland, affected by unemployment, volunteers came to build the port. The implementation of the plan was accompanied by genuine Polish enthusiasm, who, after regaining independence, were hungry for success and economic development. The port of Gdynia was to contribute to raising the prestige of the country. W 1922 r., after fierce and lengthy discussions, The Sejm of the Republic of Poland passed an act on its construction. 29 April 1923 r. the cornerstone for the construction of the naval port was laid. One year later, in June, state dignitaries in the person of President Stanisław Wojciechowski and Prime Minister General Władysław Sikorski participated in the ceremonial opening of the temporary port to Gdynia, as well as the local people from Gdynia, Gdańsk and Sopot. The designer of the port was engineer Tadeusz Wenda, and Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski gave great support to the whole project – then Minister of Industry and Trade.
The first ocean ship, which nailed to the wooden pier of the port, to take Polish emigrants, his name was Kentucky and he was flying the French flag. Until the outbreak of the war, the port was developing and gaining importance: w 1933 r. Gdańsk has surpassed the volume of transshipments, and in the next one it was proclaimed the largest port in the Baltic Sea. W 1924 r. served 29 ships, a w 1938 r. – until 6498. Four years before the outbreak of the war, Gdynia took over the role of a transit port for the Danube countries, which was associated with an increase in turnover and an increase in prestige. At the end of the last war, German crews retreating from Gdynia blocked the entrances to the pools with wrecked battleships and mined the coastal waters.
At the Pomeranian Quay, next to the South Pier, where the building of the Przybrzeżna Shipping Station is located and where the ticket offices are, ships are moored, you can go on a tour of the port. The ticket price for an hourly cruise is within the limits 12-20 PLN, ships are usually provided with a bar of hot drinks, toilets and speakers, through which the friendly voice of the guide informs you about it, what just passes on the shore. As a rule, winds blow here, intensifying in the fall, which can harm too sensitive ears. The tour route is always the same: to the north, then west and back again. Already at the beginning of the cruise, on the eastern side, you can see a wall stretching like a wall, The external breakwater rising from the sea with a central and two side entrances, through which ships enter and depart. Blocking such an entrance closes the way to the port.
The route of the trip leads past the next quays, which are called: Dutch, Indian, French etc., in honor of the countries, whose ships have called and docked here. Of course, to the wharf, let's say, Rotterdam is not only landing on ships from Rotterdam. The quays fulfill specific functions and are divided according to the type of goods, which is unloaded or loaded with them. You can see huge containers from the cruise ship, cranes to lift loads and giant ships. Tam, where the cruise ship turns westward, on the right you can see the French Quay and the passenger pier. Here is the Marine Station (and the Customs Office, post office, PLO) with 1933 r., serving passenger ships. Next to the station – Harbor Master's Office with a height observation tower 33 m, built in 1963 r. The largest passenger ships stop at the French Quay. You can get to the Maritime Station from the Main Railway Station by buses #119, 137 i 147 (to end). When the ship turns left near the French Quay, on the right side you can see slender, gray navy ships, standing in the Military Port in Oksywie.