Gdansk – Łagiewniki Street and its surroundings
That street, nor particularly attractive, nor picturesque, is a very popular route from the center to Solidarności Square. On the way, it is worth paying attention to two sacred buildings.
The first is the church of St.. Bartholomew – a temple of creative circles with an extremely original interior design. Heavy, a wooden altar is supported by a flock of birds carved in wood, that make an impression, as if they were about to fly into the air, lifting it on its wings. Temporary art exhibitions are organized inside the church.
The Church of St.. James, built by sailors at the beginning of the 15th century, was once a nautical hospital. legend has it, that is where the famous Conqueror of the Last Judgment Memling ended his life – Paweł Benke. A less popular legend adds, that the existence of the sailor Paul was spoken of as a consolation for the poor old sailors.
Library of the Polish Academy of Sciences
The great neo-Gothic building at the intersection of Wałowa and Łagiewniki Streets is the Library of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The reading room is available to everyone who has an identity card or a school or student ID (pn.-pt. 8.00-19.30, sb. 8.00-13.00), while to borrow a book home, you must at least be a doctor (it is, of course, an academic title, not for a profession).
Marquis of Naples
The history of the Neapolitan marquis is intertwined with the history of the PAN library, Jana Bernarda Bonifacio d’Oria, which is one of the many examples of tolerance of the 16th-century townspeople of Gdańsk. W 1591 r., or 74 years after Martin Luther's speech, which was considered the beginning of the Reformation, a foreign ship crashed near Rozewie. The inhabitants of Gdańsk rushed to help the survivors. Among the rescued was a blind old man, who at all costs wanted to recover the chests that were the cargo of the ship. It was the Marquis d'Oria, which by 40 he wandered the world for years, spreading ideas of the Reformation, for which he was persecuted in his homeland. He carried with him his beloved books collected at every latitude. The people of Gdańsk gave the wanderer a roof over his head and bestowed a friendship free from prejudices. The grateful d'Oria donated all of his saved books to Gdańsk, counting 1140 So talk. He initiated the impressive collection of the PAN library.
Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers
At the northern end of Łagiewniki Street, there is a large Solidarity Square with the great crosses of the Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers. Getting to this famous place is not difficult; access from both the Main Railway Station Podwalem Grodzkie, and Walami Piastowskie ranks the highest 5 minutes. 42-the meter-high crosses of the monument are an excellent landmark, outlined against the huge cranes of the shipyards in the northern panorama of the city.
In December 1970 r. shipyard workers then them. Lenin took to the streets, demanding the withdrawal of price increases, freedom of expression and independent trade unions. Several dozen striking shipyard workers were killed then in the Tri-City. Right in front of the gate to the shipyard no 2 wmurowano w ziemię płytkę wielkości kafelka – here the first shipyard worker fell. By 10 For years, it was not allowed to erect a monument to the victims, and flowers to be placed in the places commemorating the death of workers – disappeared the next day. In Poland, the middle of the years 70., including on the coast, Workers' Defense Committees and Free Trade Unions were established, independent of the authorities. Their representatives laid flowers by the shipyard wall, paying tribute to those killed during the strikes. On the ninth anniversary of the December events, Lech Wałęsa, speaking outside the shipyard, urged everyone to build a village 1980 r. Monument to the Fallen, even from stones brought in the hands. 14 VIII 1980 r. an organized strike broke out here. One of the first demands was to erect a monument.
The Inter-Enterprise Strike Committee was composed of representatives 600 Coastal establishments. The famous agreement of Gdańsk with 31 VIII was signed by Lech Wałęsa from the MKS and Mieczysław Jagielski from the government. Living room, in which a historical document was signed, it is only available for organized groups, after prior arrangement with the PTTK branch (3 the gate next to the tram stop at ul. Jana z Kolna, 3 minutes north of gate no 2).
Construction of the monument
The first wooden cross was erected in front of the shipyard gate 17 VIII. The sketch of the original version was created by a shipyard worker, Bogdan Pietruszka. Money was poured into the project from all over Poland, some sent lifetime savings. The ceremonial unveiling of the monument took place 16 XII 1980 r. at. 17.00 to the accompaniment of sirens and church bells. The silence of the crowd heaving in the square was more eloquent than crying. Daniel Olbrychski read the appeal of the fallen, the banner of Solidarity was consecrated, wreaths were laid on behalf of the families of the fallen, the then authorities and the new union. After singing the national anthem, thousands of flowers were laid at the foot of the monument. The monument has become the most important place in Gdańsk. Among other things, they visited him: Pope John Paul II, George Bush, Margaret Thatcher, Czeslaw Milosz, Jerzy Popiełuszko, Richard von Weizsacker i Jane Fonda. It has become an unwritten tradition, that the newlyweds come here straight after the wedding, to lay flowers.
If anyone wants to hear direct reports from events 1970 i 1980 year, should ask at the gate concierge no 2 for the older guards, who participated personally in dramatic events.