Gdansk – Main city – Upland Gate

Most attractions are concentrated in the New Town. However, it is worth planning your Gdańsk trips in this way, not to run out of time to visit other interesting districts – Old Town, Old Suburbs, Oruni, He screams or Oliwa. Each of them has a different character and a different atmosphere, making your stay in Gdańsk more varied.

MAIN CITY

Main city, constituting the most important part of Gdańsk's old town, stretches from the Gdańsk-Łódź route (the. Jagiellonian Embankments) to Motława; from the north it is closed with Podwale Staromiejskie, and to the south, Podwale Przedmiejskie (main route to Warsaw). Watching the monuments proud of today, it's worth thinking warmly about these, who raised them up from the ruins, because in 1945 r. during the Red Army storming Gdańsk and as a result of subsequent deliberate arson attacks, the old town was destroyed in 80 percentages.

From the railway station to the Upland Gate

From the main railway station, situated at ul. Podwale Grodzkie, you can get to the Main Town by trams #8, 13 (one stop southbound) or walk (ok. 7 minutes).
Choosing the latter option, after leaving the station on Podwale Grodzkie, you should immediately turn right. Having passed the Church of St.. Elizabeth or (walking on the opposite side of the street) oval bastion of the same patron, looking like a great mound enclosed by a wall, you come to the intersection with Hucisko street. Here, in front of the exit of ul. Hucisko, There is Targ Drzewny with the statue of Jan III Sobieski transferred from Lviv, from the local Waly Hetmanskie. Just a few more steps south of the Jagiellonian Waly and the gate to the Main Town opens before the newcomer, called the Upland Gate.

Upland Gate

The Upland Gate opens the former route known as the Royal Route. It is part of the gate complex, once defending Gdańsk from the west.
If she could speak, it would certainly sound: "To me, this way to town, to me…”, and her dignified appearance suggests, that has been leading to places of particular importance for centuries. On foot from the Main Railway Station (to the south, Wałami Jagiellońskie) it can be reached within five minutes. There is also a stop in front of the gate, where trams stop #2, 6, 8 i 13, 63.

People traveling from Poland to the Free City could bring in duty free (except for free circulation goods): 2 l beer, 1 l wina, 25 pieces of cigars or 50 cigarette pieces, 10 matchboxes, 2 bulbs, 1 kg of lard, 0,5 kg will be, 15 eggs and at most 1 l let him.

Defense functions

When in years 1574-1576 a brick building was built into the wall of the city fortifications – entrance gate to the city – Access to the Main Town was also defended by a moat. The monumental front of the building was made in 1588 r. and from then on a mighty massif, referring in form to the triumphal gates and preceded by a drawbridge, he opened the King's Way, that is, the traditional route of passage of monarchs and dignitaries, leading through the foregate, The Golden Gate, Długa Street and Długi Targ Street, The Green Gate to the Granary Island. From the second foregate, only two gates have survived to this day: front (Torture chamber) and tower (Prison Tower). Upland Gate, opening the way to the Gdańsk hills (hence its name), it was once the main and parade entrance to the city. She survived the last war, not counting slight damage to the stonework (both lions are a modern reconstruction).

Today, the Tourist Service Office is located in the Upland Gate (tel.3016096), where you can hire professional guides, also showing foreign-speaking tourists in Gdańsk – an hour of sightseeing costs 110 PLN; the guide must be ordered at a minimum 6 hours.

Triumphal arch

Grey, massive, although the graceful body of the gate stands by a very busy road, in the vicinity of modern and stylish buildings. Noise, ruch i stromizna schodów przejścia podziemnego od strony zachodniej, do not create favorable conditions for admiring this monument up close. Still, it's worth challenging the inconvenience and taking a close look at the western wall.

There is a clear division into the upper and lower part. In the bottom, a raw storey decorated with large stone blocks, with rustication decorated with leaf motifs, there are three arcaded openings-passages: middle – today passers-by, once an entrance gate – and two side ones, currently bricked up. The creator of the stone setting was the Flemish sculptor Willem van den Blocke, which introduced four massive pilasters supporting the upper part (the attic). The lower level of the gate confirms the defensive and military character of the building with its austerity, the upper part, on the other hand, was only decorative. The central part of the frieze contains a relief, which shows the coat of arms of Poland held by two angels. Two lions on the right side support the coat of arms of Gdańsk, on the left, two unicorns bear the coat of arms of Royal Prussia. Four iron hoops are visible above the heraldic ensemble – remains of the drawbridge mechanism. Latin maxims are visible under the bas-reliefs, one of which, the most universal, could be translated as follows: “The good most desirable by nations is peace, freedom and consent ". The date of the erection of the Upland Gate was placed under the frieze (1588) – in how many seconds you will spot her? The eastern wall differs from the western one, except, of course, the degree of sunlight, only carvings on the frieze of the attic, here, instead of angels, two half-naked bearded men lean freely on the coat of arms of the Hohenzollerns, and on the sides there are round windows in stucco wreaths, zwane lukarnami. The architectural composition of the gate mixes elements of the Italian Renaissance and mannerism. The severity of the lower part refers to the Verona gates of architect Sanmicheli, the upper one is a great example of Flemish decoration. For a few more years the building was decorated with impressive garlands of ivy, which, however, was removed, because he was blowing up stones.

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